37 Sensors Overview

Sensor.Engine MICRO

  1. Sensor.Engine MICRO Features
  2. Pinout and Pin use
  3. BASIC Overview
  4. SEM Library functions

37+ Sensors

  1. Analog Hall-effect
  2. Analog Joystick
  3. Analog Temperature
  4. Ball Switch
  5. Bi-color LED
  6. Button
  7. Character LCD
  8. Flame
  9. Hall-effect Switch
  10. HMI Display
  11. Humidity and Temperature
  12. IR Receiver
  13. IR Transmitter
  14. Keypad
  15. LASER
  16. Light Cup
  17. Liquid
  18. Mercury Switch
  19. Microphone
  20. Multicolor Flashing LED
  21. Obstacle Avoidance
  22. Photo Interruptor
  23. Photoresistor
  24. Piezo Driver or Annunciator
  25. Pulse
  26. Reed Switch
  27. Relays and Drivers
  28. RGB LED
  29. Rotary Encoder
  30. Servo
  31. Shock and Impulse
  32. Speaker
  33. Temperature 18B20
  34. Temperature Threshold
  35. Touch Sensor
  36. Tracking
  37. Ultrasonic Distance

USBmicro U4xx

  1. U401
  2. U421
  3. U451



  1. Controlling MedeaWiz Sprite

U401 USB Interface

The U401 is a USB solution that is pre-built, pre-programmed, and pre-tested and will get you interfacing your PC (Win⁄Linux) or Mac (OSX) to various devices in very little time! There is no USB device assembly, no driver development, and no firmware to write. In many cases, the U401 can be plugged into an experimenter’s breadboard and circuit interfacing can begin immediately. Demo software applications can be used “right out of the box”.
Image: Newest U401 (Rev 3) front view. This newest U401 has a lightweight and removable USB cable.

Features of the U401 USB Interface:

• USB Interface to PC (Win⁄Linux) or Mac (OSX)
• Uses HID Drivers Inherent in OS
• Sixteen I⁄O Lines
• SPI Master and Slave Communication
• LCD Interface Commands
• Stepper motor control
• 1-Wire Communication Interface
• Flexible Pin Use
• Free Compiled Sample Applications
• Visual Basic, C, Delphi Example Code Available
• Fully Assembled and Tested
• Great Replacement for Parallel Port Interfacing
• PC’s USB Power Brought to pins
• Easy to Use with Solderless Breadboards
• USB Cable Provided

Overview of the U401 USB Interface

Board Size: 3.5 inches (88.9 mm) long and 1.0 inches (25.4 mm) wide.

Computer Interface: USB

USB Cable Length: 36 inches (914 mm).

USB Connection type: Removable cable.

USB Power Type: Bus powered, uses the 5V provided by the USB interface.

Specified USB allowed current draw: 100 mA standard, total.

Bandwidth: 800 bytes per second as a HID device.

USB Bus Speed: 1.5 Mbits⁄s. (Low speed)

USB Driver: HID, part of the operating system.

Device Interface: 16 CMOS lines, selectable as inputs⁄outputs.

USB Cable Pin#, Color, Function Chart

Pin NumberWire ColorFunction

PC USB Port (Female ‘A’)


Board Layout:

Size and Clearance:

U401 Connector Pin Out

Main Connector:

Along the long edge of the board is the connector “J1”.
“J2” is immediately next to J1, and is connected one-to-one electrically.

Pin NumberU401 Signal
1<nc> (Pin 1 is located next to the silk screen “J1”.)
7+5V USB from PC
10optional pull-up
11optional pull-up
15PA.0 – Port A bit 0 (stepper motor control)
16PA.1 – Port A bit 1 (stepper motor control)
17PA.2 – Port A bit 2 (stepper motor control) (2-wire clock)
18PA.3 – Port A bit 3 (stepper motor control) (2-wire data)
19PA.4 – Port A bit 4 (stepper motor control)
20PA.5 – Port A bit 5 (stepper motor control)
21PA.6 – Port A bit 6 (stepper motor control)
22PA.7 – Port A bit 7 (stepper motor control)
23PB.0 – Port B bit 0
24PB.1 – Port B bit 1
25PB.2 – Port B bit 2
26PB.3 – Port B bit 3
27PB.4 – Port B bit 4
28PB.5 – Port B bit 5
29PB.6 – Port B bit 6
30PB.7 – Port B bit 7

Other Connectors:

J3 is the USB connection. J4 and J5 are for factory use.

Power Connection:

The +5V available on pin 7 is the power from the computer’s USB port. Up to 100mA can be drawn from this supply to power devices attached to the U401. If more power is needed, an external supply should be used to power additional circuits. Do not attach the +5V from an external supply to this pin. The ground connection should be common to any external power supply ground as well as any target circuits.

I2C Connection:

The pins labeled “SCL” and “SDA” are the I2C connections. On the U401 the connections are not made to the microcontroller. There are two unpopulated PCB positions for pull-up resistors for these lines. The I2C communication interface relies on a passive pull-up and an active pull-down. The positions can be populated with resistors if no other pull-up resistors exist on the I2C lines.

Board Layout:
Image: The board above is an old version, but the pinout is the same for newer versions.

Note that all lines extend from J1 to J2. There are then some J1 lines that only connect to J2 and no other circuitry.

Image: Pin 1 on the U401 is located on the left, as you look at the board in the orientation above. Pin 30 is the pin on the far right.